Rafibeyli, Hasan Agayev and you can NasibYusifbeyli came up of Ganja contained in this period

Rafibeyli, Hasan Agayev and you can NasibYusifbeyli came up of Ganja contained in this period

Javad Khan replied brand new General’s last letter with:

Ganja, located at new northern-eastern foot of the Less Caucasus Hills, in one of the gorgeous sides from Azerbaijan, might have been tall towards political-economic and you may social lifetime of the country since basic out-of moments. Medieval Ganja is actually also known as an essential middle out-of hobby and trade regarding the Close and Middle eastern countries.

Regarding the seventh 100 years Advertisement the complete area now covered by Azerbaijan, plus Ganja, are a battleground between Arabs and you will Khazars. Present say that new Caliphate filled Ganja and you can Shirvan and you can delivered Abdul aziz having an excellent armed forces against the Khazars. On the last half of 11th millennium, Ganja and other towns were met with periods by the Seljuk sultans. It arranged solid effectiveness Toghrul bey, Alp Arslan and you can Malikshah.

Tsitsianov including ordered the newest dissolution of your own Ganja khanate, and its own countries had been annexed so you can Russia under the name Yelizavetpol okrug (district)

The metropolis try home to the good journalist Nizami Ganjavi (1141-1209) and you may achieved a highest within the advancement from inside the supremacy of this new Atabey County (1136-1225). Ibn-al-Asr called they the caretaker away from Arran and you may Rashidaddin referred to it the greatest town within the Arran.

After attacking fearless matches facing international occupiers, Ganja must take on sheer emergency, a disturbance from inside the 1139, and that murdered in the 250,100 people in the. Still, some 80 many years later on, inside 1221, the fresh new freedom-enjoying Ganja people battled determinedly up against the Mongols and refused to quit. Brand new intruders had been simply able to seize the metropolis within their next campaign (1235); they razed into the floor.

Ganja plus got a significant role to play from the background of statehood for the Azerbaijan. The Safavid Shah Tahmasib We (1524-1576), situated a different management section, brand new beylarbeylik. Ganja is actually the new hub of one of your own divisions, the newest Karabakh beylarbeylik. Following collapse away from Nadir Shah’s kingdom (1747), it absolutely was the fresh centre of your Azerbaie.

This new governing Ganja Ziyadoglu khans was basically on Gajars dynasty, beginning in a good Turkic tribe. Not as much as Javad Khan They build a brave resistance to the new occupying Tsarist Russian pushes in the Ganja for the step three January 1804. There can be interaction between the bloodthirsty Russian Standard P.D. Tsitsianov and you will Javad Khan up until one day, to the second seksi Somali kД±zlarД± getting called in order to surrender.

And so it simply happened. The brand new Russians simply joined the metropolis after heavier assaulting where Javad Khan is actually murdered. The metropolis try pillaged and you will General Tsitsianov and his awesome soldiers managed the population off Ganja because captives. In his are accountable to Tsar Alexander We the entire typed: I captured 8,585 people and 8,639 women in Ganja (area – ed.)

These types of terms and conditions was the original symptoms off Tsarist Russia’s colonial policy into the Azerbaijan. Adopting the field off Ganja, Tsitsiae getting altered; it had been called Yelizavetpol, in the honor Alexander I’s spouse, Yelizaveta (Elizabeth). Those who used the city’s old label was to getting fined the sum of 1 gold manat.

An 1804 society amount in town, following profession, joined seven,303 anybody. When you look at the 1917, the new city’s population are 57,731. Ganja turned into the heart of your own area and you will, after, of state of the same name.

The town try one of the centres of your challenge against socio-governmental oppression and you will colonial servitude right from the start of one’s twentieth 100 years. Evident resistance to Armenian massacres away from Azerbaijanis was initially offered in Ganja so there had been extreme steps toward governmental organization. New political parties Qeyrat (Honour), Difai (Protection – within the Farsi – ed.) and you can Mudafia (Defence) while others was in fact oriented. Specific popular people in politics, eg Khalil Khasmammadov, Khudadat.

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